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In order to run Services, you will need the following:
Additionally, if you plan to compile Services from the source code, you will also need the following (note that these are not necessary if you install from a binary package):
Notice: (1) Services will not work with the SSP (stack-smashing protector) [www.trl.ibm.com] patch to GCC, due to a bug in SSP triggered by Services that causes crashes. The configure script (see below) will automatically detect the presence of this patch and deactivate the stack-protection feature, or refuse to compile if it cannot be deactivated.
(2) Versions of GCC before 3.4 have bugs which cause Services to crash. Services has workarounds for the Intel x86, SPARC, and PowerPC platforms, but you will need to use GCC 3.4 or later on other systems. See FAQ B.1.5 for details.
|IRC server (IRCD) name||Services module|
|Bahamut [bahamut.dal.net] 1.8.0 and later (*)||bahamut|
|Chunky Monkey IRCD 1.0 and later||monkey|
|DALnet (ircd.dal) 4.4.13 and earlier||dalnet|
|DALnet (ircd.dal) 4.4.15 and latre||dreamforge|
|Dreamforge (ircd.dal 4.6.x)||dreamforge|
|InspIRCd [www.inspircd.org] 1.1 and later||inspircd|
|IRCD-Hybrid [ircd-hybrid.com] 7.0 and later (**)||hybrid|
|ircu (Undernet) [coder-com.undernet.org] 2.9.x||undernet-p9|
|PTlink IRCd [www.ptlink.net] 6.10.0 and later||ptlink|
|ircd-ratbox [www.ircd-ratbox.org]2.1.x and later (***)||ratbox|
|solid-ircd [www.solid-ircd.com], all versions (*)||ratbox|
[tr-ircd.sourceforge.net] 5.7 and
|UnrealIRCd [www.unrealircd.com] 3.1.1 and later||unreal|
(*) When using Bahamut or solid-ircd, do not configure your server as a "services hub" ("servtype serviceshub" in the ircd.conf file); this setting causes Bahamut and solid-ircd to not send certain information needed by Services to work correctly. If Services detects that your server is configured as a services hub, it will log a message to that effect and abort.
(**) To use Hybrid with Services, you must load the m_tburst.so module in your server's configuration. In recent versions of Hybrid (at least 7.2.3), this module is compiled automatically; in earlier versions, you may need to locate and compile it yourself. If the module is not loaded, Services will refuse to connect to the server.
(***) When using ircd-ratbox, make sure to include the "topicburst" server flag in the connect block for Services on the remote server; if topic burst support is not enabled, Services will refuse to connect to the server. Also, forced nickname changing will be unavailable unless all servers are compiled with the "--enable-services" option.
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Binary distributions of Services are provided for Linux systems in the popular RPM and .deb formats. See the Services home page to download the latest binary distribution, then install or upgrade it the same way you would for any other package.
Note that executable files in the binary distributions are compiled statically; this means that they will work on any modern system regardless of version, at the cost of requiring slightly more disk space and runtime memory, and requiring an upgrade (or recompile from source) if a bug is found in any of the system libraries used by Services.
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If no binary distribution is available for your platform or you prefer to compile Services yourself, you will need to install from the source code. Once you have downloaded the source, you need to:
Note on using alternate C compilers: If you specify a particular C compiler using the -cc option, or if GCC is not installed on your system, you will also need to specify any necessary options using the -cflags option. In particular, Services uses a feature of C known as "pointer aliasing", which is technically forbidden by the C standard but necessary for clean programming. Some compilers attempt to optimize based on the assumption that pointer aliasing is not used; if your compiler does this, you will need to tell it not to.
|Controlling the configure script|
|-help||Displays a list of command-line options and their meanings, then exits.|
|-ignore-cache||Prevents the cache file from being read. (The cache file, config.cache, is created the first time you run the configure script, and saves the results of configuration to speed up the script the next time you run it.)|
|-cc PROGRAM||Specifies the C compiler to use, such as cc or gcc. If this option is given, the ordinary check for a compiler is skipped, and the given compiler is used. This option also causes the cached values of CFLAGS (compiler options) and LFLAGS (linker options) to be ignored; these options will revert to the defaults, unless the -cflags or -lflags options are also given.|
|-cflags CFLAGS||Specifies command-line options to pass to the compiler when compiling source files. The default depends on the compiler, but typically includes standard optimization flags, such as -O2 for GCC.|
|-lflags LFLAGS||Specifies command-line options to pass to the compiler when linking executable files. The default is no flags.|
|-libs LIBS||Specifies any extra libraries to be used when linking the main Services executable, using the linker library options -L and -l. Normally there is no need to use this option.|
|-os2||Specifies that the system on which Services is being compiled is an OS/2 system. On such systems, Services may not compile correctly without this switch.|
|-program NAME||Specifies the name to be used for the executable file (default: ircservices). The configuration file ircservices.conf and the ircservices-chk script (see section 2-6) will also be renamed to NAME.conf and NAME-chk; the installation directories selected by the -prefix option (see below) will be changed to match; and the example configuration files will use the given name in the default log, PID, and MOTD files.|
|-bindest DIR||Specifies the directory to be used for program file installation. The main ircservices executable file and the ircservices-chk script will be installed in this directory.|
|-datdest DIR||Specifies the directory to be used for data file installation. All Services files and subdirectories except the two program files listed above will be installed in this directory.|
|-prefix DIR||Specifies the directory to be used for installation as a GNU-style installation prefix. Program files will be installed in DIR/sbin, and data files will be installed in DIR/lib/ircservices (or DIR/lib/NAME, where NAME is the executable name given to the -program option). If this option is given, the -bindest and -datdest options are ignored.|
|Controlling Services features (use -no-option to disable)|
|-use-local-funcs||Forces the use of compatibility functions over system library functions. Normally, Services will use all system library functions available, except when a bug is detected in one of the functions; if this option is given, Services will instead make use of its own versions of these functions. This can be useful when debugging Services, or if you suspect a bug in the system libraries.|
|-use-static-modules||Forces modules to be compiled statically, even if dynamic modules could be used. Using static modules results in a larger executable file and more memory usage than using dynamic modules, but may be marginally faster. On some systems, dynamic modules are not supported, and modules will be compiled statically even if -no-use-static-modules is given.|
|-sorted-lists||Causes Services to keep the nickname and channel lists sorted; this can cause a performance penalty on large networks. Enabled by default (use -no-sorted-lists to disable).|
|-clean-compile||Attempts to compile Services with no compiler warnings; this may cause a slight performance penalty. Enabled by default (use -no-clean-compile to disable).|
|-memchecks||Performs extra checks on memory allocation. This option is intended for debugging only, and causes a significant performance penalty.|
|-showallocs||Causes all memory allocation activity to be logged to the Services logfile. This option is intended for debugging only, and will generate extremely large log files. This option is ignored unless -memchecks is enabled.|
|-dumpcore||Causes Services to attempt to write a core file if it crashes. This option can be useful in obtaining a backtrace to aid debugging; however, it prevents Services from shutting down cleanly, so you will not see a "shutting down" notice from Services when it detects a crash.|
|-check||Checks whether this script has already been run and whether the cache is up-to-date. Exits with status 0 if up-to-date, 1 if not. This option is used by the Makefile to ensure that the configure script is run before compilation.|
When the script starts up, it will first determine the directories in which Services should be installed. These can be specified either through the -bindest/-datdest options or the -prefix option; if none of these are present, the script will use the same directories as when you last ran the script (if you have not run the script before or you use the -ignore-cache option, the defaults are /usr/local/sbin for the executable program and /usr/local/lib/ircservices for the data files).
After setting the installation directories, configure will check your system and print out status messages as it proceeds. At the end, if no errors occur, it will print out a message telling you to proceed with compilation.
One case in which you may want to modify a setting is if you run a regional network which uses a language other than English as its primary language; in this case, you can change the DEF_LANGUAGE setting in defs.h to your local langauge.
Note that if you are compiling the program as the same user you will install as, you can just use the single command make install to compile and install in one step.
If you need to install Services to a separate subtree, for example when
setting up Services in a chroot'd environment, set the
INSTALL_PREFIX variable on the make command line. For
example, if the installation prefix is set as /usr/local, then:
make install INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/local/chroot/
will install files into /usr/local/chroot/usr/local/bin and /usr/local/chroot/usr/local/lib/ircservices. (The path given must include a trailing slash.)
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Once Services has been installed, it must be configured for your network. Services uses two text files to control its behavior: ircservices.conf and modules.conf. (If Services is configured with a different program name, the first file's name will change to program-name.conf as well; however, in this manual, the default of ircservices.conf is assumed.) ircservices.conf contains settings that affect Services as a whole, such as the remote server to connect to; modules.conf contains settings that apply to individual modules, such as NickServ and ChanServ. These files are stored in the Services data directory (the directory you gave when running the configure script; this is /var/opt/ircservices for the binary distributions).
When Services is installed, two sample files, example-ircservices.conf and example-modules.conf, are installed in the data directory. If you are installing Services for the first time, you should start out by copying or renaming these files to ircservices.conf and modules.conf respectively. Each file contains detailed information about all possible settings, which can also be found in Appendix A. When setting up Services for the first time, you should at least check these settings:
|File||Setting and syntax||Description|
|ircservices.conf||RemoteServer host[:port] password||Sets the server to which Services connects and the password used to connect.|
|ircservices.conf||ServerName name||Sets the server name Services will use on the IRC network.|
|ircservices.conf||ServerDesc description||Sets the server description provided by Services.|
|ircservices.conf||ServiceUser user@host||Sets the username and hostname used by Services clients. You may want to set this to an E-mail address at which users can ask questions about Services or your IRC network.|
|ircservices.conf||LoadModule module-name||Loads the specified module. The example configuration file lists all of the possible modules; select which ones you want to load or not load. In particular, make sure you select the correct protocol module and enter its name in the line which reads "LoadModule protocol/(insert protocol name here)" or Services will not be able to start.|
|modules.conf||Module protocol/protocol-name||Change this line (the first Module line in the file) so it contains the same protocol module you specified in ircservices.conf.|
|modules.conf||FromAddress user@host||mail/main module: Sets the E-mail address used as the sender on outgoing mail. Set this to an address at which users can contact you with questions about Services.|
|modules.conf||FromName "name"||mail/main module: Set this to the "name" you want to use as the sender on outgoing mail. If you don't want a name (just the E-mail address), leave this setting commented out.|
|modules.conf||ServicesRoot nick||operserv/main module: Set this to the nickname which should be granted Services root (super-user) privileges.|
|modules.conf||ListenTo address:port||httpd/main module: Sets the ports to which the Services HTTP server will listen. See section 3-6 for details.|
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The IRC server to which Services will connect must be configured to allow Services to connect as a server. For traditional irc2-based servers, this involves adding appropriate C: and N: lines to the server's configuration file; consult your IRC server program's documentation for details.
Some IRC server programs, including traditional irc2-based ones, do not allow servers to introduce other servers, i.e. act as hubs, without a special configuration setting (an H: line in irc2-based servers). If this setting is missing from any server in your network, Services may be disconnected when you use the JUPE command.
In addition, some server programs support a "U-line" or similar concept, allowing servers named in a U: line or other configuration directive to override normal privilege checks (and consequently preventing other servers from overriding those checks). If your server program has such an option, ensure that it is set on all servers in your network, or you may encounter problems such as ChanServ being unable to change channel modes.
Also see the notes in table 2-1 above for special considerations when configuring particular types of IRC servers.
Services can be started by simply running the ircservices program from a shell prompt. Upon starting, Services will parse its command-line arguments and the ircservices.conf file, then open the log file; if there are no errors, it will then print a short message to the terminal, put itself in the background and return control to the shell. If an error does occur, Services will print an error message and exit.
Several command-line options can be used to modify Services' behavior or override settings in the ircservices.conf configuration file; these are summarized in table 2-4 below. The command-line option -help can be used to get a list of all available options.
|-help||Prints a list of available options.|
|-dir=pathname||Uses pathname as the data directory instead of the compiled-in default.|
|-remote=host[:port]||Connects to the specified server, overriding the RemoteServer setting in ircservices.conf.|
|-log=filename||Writes logging information to filename, overriding the LogFilename setting in ircservices.conf.|
|-debug||Starts Services in debug mode; using this option multiple times will produce more debugging output.|
|-readonly||Starts Services in read-only mode; database and log files will not be written to, and online data modification will be limited to Services administrators.|
|-nofork||Prevents Services from forking (going into the background) after initialization, and causes log messages to be written to the terminal as well as the log file.|
|-noexpire||Disables expiration of database entries (nicknames, channels, autokills, and so on).|
|-noakill||Disables autokill checking. (However, the autokill list itself can still be modified.)|
|-forceload||When using the database/version4 module, attempts to load as much data from corrupted databases as possible, rather than aborting when an error is found.|
|-encrypt-all||Re-encrypts all passwords on startup using the encryption type selected in ircservices.conf. (Passwords encrypted with one type generally cannot be re-encrypted with a different type, so this is generally useful only to ensure that no passwords are left unencrypted after activating encryption.)|
|-import=filename||Imports data into Services' databases (see section 5-2).|
Once in the background, Services will load language files and modules, then try to connect to the remote server specified in ircservices.conf (or on the command line). If any errors occur during these steps, an error message will be printed to the log file and Services will terminate. If Services appears to start up correctly but does not connect to your IRC network, check the log file for any errors that may have occurred.
Once Services successfully connects to your IRC network, it will continue running until either:
The debug output level and read-only setting can be modified while Services is running using the OperServ SET command as needed, and other OperServ commands can be used to monitor the status of Services or (as mentioned above) shut down or restart Services.
While it is running, Services will periodically save modified data (newly registered nicknames and channels, modified settings, and so on) to disk. This is done in such a way that even if Services crashes while writing the data, the previous contents of the databases will remain intact. However, should the database files become corrupt (whether because of a bug in Services or as the result of hardware failure or tampering), the -forceload command-line option can be used to recover as much data as possible from the corrupted data file. It is also strongly recommended that you make regular backups of your data files, to reduce potential damage from such problems.
If the contents of the ircservices.conf or modules.conf configuration files are changed, Services can be instructed to reread the files with either the OperServ REHASH command or the SIGHUP signal. If no errors are found in the configuration files, Services' settings will be updated with the new configuration file contents. Modules can also be loaded and unloaded this way without restarting Services by adding or removing LoadModule directives in ircservices.conf; however, modules will not be able to be unloaded if other loaded modules depend on them. (For example, since the ChanServ module depends on NickServ being available, you cannot remove the NickServ module while leaving the ChanServ module loaded. You can, however, unload both of them at once.)
If the system Services runs on supports periodic execution of programs, such as via the cron utility, you can use the supplied script ircservices-chk, installed in the same directory as the ircservices executable, to ensure that Services comes back up quickly if it should crash or otherwise terminate unexpectedly. (Of course, you will need to disable this check if you ever shut down Services intentionally!) On a typical Unix system, the following line, when added using the crontab utility, will cause the ircservices-chk script to be run once every five minutes (here, /path/to/ircservices-chk represents the full path to the ircservices-chk script):
0,5,10,15,20,25,30,35,40,45,50,55 * * * * /path/to/ircservices-chk
If you need to pass options to the ircservices executable, simply add them after ircservices-chk in the line above. You can also prevent the script from generating output (which would be sent to you by mail) by adding the -q option after ircservices-chk and before any other options.
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